'''Thomas Hobbes''' (; 5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts '''Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury''', was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy
Hobbes is best known for his 1651 book ''Leviathan (book)|Leviathan
'', which established the social contract
theory that has served as the foundation for most later Western political philosophy.
In addition to political philosophy, Hobbes also contributed to a diverse array of other fields, including history
, the physics
, and general philosophy.
Though on rational grounds a champion of absolutism for the sovereign, Hobbes also developed some of the fundamentals of European classical liberalism|liberal thought
: the right of the individual; the natural equality of all men; the artificial character of the political...